Photo caption: What is mixed media art? The answer to that varies from artist to artist, but basically, it’s the act of using more than one medium in a piece. Photo courtesy of Dalia Milan.
Art is expressed through so many various media. Take your pick! Art is created with paint, canvas, textiles, paper, crayons, pencils, inks, spray paints, concert tickets, handmade paper, cards, and so much more.
That’s the beauty of mixed media. The combination of media allows you to shake up your art a bit, to explore new horizons and to sharpen your voice. In other words, the very act of using more than one medium in your art pieces encourages you to push the boundaries and to create art that is not only unique to you but that also has the power of reaching others.
That’s the real beauty of working with mixed media art. This blog post talks about the ins and outs of mixed media and offers an art tutorial video at the end of the piece to help you integrate more mixed media into your art today.
Simply stated, mixed media art combines more than one medium or material in its creation. For instance, you can begin working on your canvas with mark making tools such as charcoal, graphite, markers, crayons, inks, etc. Then you add another layer such as tissue paper, cloth, etc. Or you can use spray paint and acrylics.
Mixed media is an amazing art technique that allows the creator to follow a process of steps layering various mediums to enhance their best attributes.
Before creating a mixed media art piece it’s important to understand the types of materials you can use and how to use them. Mixed media materials generally fall into three categories.
These categories can be broken down in a couple of other ways. There are stable and unstable materials. There are also materials that are water based, oil based or lacquer based. Knowing what these materials are, how you can use them, when they should be applied, and even how to clean up is essential to creating a successful mixed media piece.
Let’s get into a little more detail on descriptions in this free art tutorial.
Dry and loose materials for mixed media art would include charcoal, graphite, powdered pigments, pastels, (and other drawing materials) etc. All of these have a very dry, powdery consistency and will smudge, smear, drip, or alter in any other way when it comes into contact with water or other wet materials. Because of the change in appearance and consistency, it is considered unstable.
Wet and stable materials would include crayons, inks, urban markers, China markers, wax pigments, acrylic and oil paints, spray paints, resin, etc. Once they have cured, these materials will remain intact when in contact with water or other wet substances. And, yes, you guessed it—that’s why they are considered stable mixed media art materials.
These materials are often used in collage and include fabric, paper, found items, gloss gels, modeling paste, crackle paste, etc. Collage and mixed media have sometimes been mistakenly identified as being the same. However, collage is a combination of items forming a two-dimensional piece, whereas mixed media refers to creating art using multiple visual materials that can be either two or three dimensional.
The additional way to categorize mixed media materials is acrylic, oil and lacquer. The difference here is in how they are cleaned: acrylics with water, oil with solvent, and lacquer with acetone.
Now that you understand what to use on your Mixed Media artwork, it’s time to learn the correct order these materials are applied to your canvas. It’s not complicated. You simply have to remember that water-based material does not stick to oil. So, all water-based materials are added first with oil-based materials being added last.
The other thing to remember when using oil paints, is that you must prepare the canvas or paper. Once you’ve added whatever water-based markings and materials you prefer, the next step is to add a fixative to stabilize that layer and prepare it for the oil paint. You can use a spray fixative or apply a layer of gel to seal it. Then you can begin adding oil paint and other oil-based materials.
Special note—if you are using paper as a base for your Mixed Media artwork, you must seal the paper with house paint, gloss gel, modeling paste, or two coats of gesso before using any oil paint. If you don’t, well, your paper will eventually rot.
To give you some idea of how this process works, we’ve provided you with a video below that covers mixed media and expressiveness in art. Please keep in mind that this is only one example of mixed media art. The possibilities for mixed media are pretty much endless.
Video caption: FREE webinar “How to Create Expressive Art”
We’ve already touched a bit on what the first benefit of mixed media is — freedom in your creativity. Just keep within the basic rule of water-based first, oil-based last and go. You don’t have to plan it out, just see how each step takes you to the next step until you have a stunning work of art. It allows you to create the effect you want by being able to use various mediums in one piece.
Along with that freedom comes new ideas. When you’re working in your right brain and feeling the creativity flow, you’ll be bursting with new ideas for so many new pieces. Seriously, if you’re bored or have artist’s block, just have some fun creating a mixed media piece of art. You’ll be amazed at how inspiring that freedom is.
Creating mixed media art encourages you to collect quirky fun objects that you can use in your art. The best thing about this is that people looking at your art will be amazed at what you used and how you used it in your artwork. How fun is it when someone exclaims, “Wow! Those are concert ticket stubs!” (Or whatever little treasure you’ve used.)
Lastly, but definitely not least is that it’s FUN!
If you’re in your comfort zone and painting in acrylics or oils, you may not want to venture out in creating mixed media art. However, doing mixed media art can be the thing that takes your art to the next level. So, why not throw caution to the wind and grab your mark-making tools, acrylics, oils, random papers, and other materials and create? You just might find that your artistic voice emerges even more.
Oil Paint: What's In It And Why It's Important To Know
Art Tutorials: Easy Acrylic Painting Tips for Beginners
Learn About Mixed Media Collage